Segmentation is one of the basic principles of TRIZ, and you can apply it in several ways to physical objects. Segmentation is breaking a thing down into smaller parts or segments; you can do this for several reasons, including making the object more manageable, increasing its surface area, or improving its function. For example, segmenting a long piece of wood into shorter pieces makes it easier to carry and work with. Segmenting a metal rod into a series of minor rings increases its surface area, making it better able to dissipate heat. And segmenting a pipe into a series of smaller pipes can increase the flow rate and improve drainage. In addition to the benefits listed above, segmentation can also help improve an object's aesthetics by creating exciting patterns and shapes. So, whether you're looking to improve function or form, segmentation is a principle worth considering.
This article will discuss how you can use segmentation and how it can benefit physical objects.
Different focal length lenses for a camera
Different focal length lenses offer other options for the composition and framing of a photo. A wide-angle lens, for example, gives you a wider field of view and can be great for landscape shots. On the other hand, a telephoto lens has a narrower field of view but can be used to capture close-up details or to zoom in on a subject from far away. By experimenting with different focal length lenses, you'll be able to find the best one for the kind of photos you want to take.
Gator-grip socket spanner
This tool has several different sized sockets that you can use to fit other size bolts; this allows the user to select the right socket for the job without trying to fit a standard size onto a too large or too small bolt. By using segmentation, the developer of this tool created a product that is both more effective and more user-friendly.
You can also use segmentation with multi-pin connectors. These connectors have several pins that you can use to connect different devices; this allows the user to connect the devices they need without using extra cables.
Multiple pistons in an internal combustion engine
Another application of segmentation is with multiple pistons in an internal combustion engine. The engine can produce more power and be more efficient by using numerous pistons.
You can also use segmentation in multi-engine aircraft. By using multiple engines, the aircraft can fly faster and farther.
Stratification of different constituents inside a chemical process vessel
Segmentation can also stratify different constituents inside a chemical process vessel.