In the last 100 years alone, GDP per person in the UK has increased by 340%

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Innovation Strategy (2021)

In the last 100 years, GDP per person in the UK has increased by 340%. A lot of this can be attributed to innovations enabled by technological progress. For example, electrification made it possible for us to use electricity to power our homes and businesses; this, in turn, led to new industries and jobs. Transportation advances also played a role in UK's economic growth. For instance, the introduction of the railway system made it easier for people and goods to move around the country. As a result, trade between different regions increased, which contributed to the economy's overall growth. Ultimately, thanks to these technological advancements, the UK has seen a significant increase in GDP per person.