The United Kingdom may be a small island, but it punches well above its weight regarding research and development. With less than 1% of the world’s population, the UK is home to 4% of all researchers. This concentration of talent has helped the UK punch above its weight in scientific innovation, with British researchers responsible for some of the most significant breakthroughs of the last century. From the discovery of penicillin to the development of the first-ever test-tube baby, British scientists have contributed to the advancement of human knowledge. And with continued investment in research and development, there is no reason to think that this trend will not continue in the years to come.