In the context of product development, embedded systems are defined as electronic systems that are integrated into larger systems or products. Embedded systems are often designed to perform specific tasks and are not intended to be used as general-purpose computers. As such, they typically have limited processing power and memory capacity. Nevertheless, embedded systems play an important role in a wide range of modern products, from smartphones and cars to industrial machinery and medical devices. In many cases, embedded systems are critical to the functioning of the overall product. For example, an automotive engine control unit is responsible for monitor and regulating engine performance; without it, the car would not be able to run. Similarly, a smartphone’s GPS receiver is responsible for determining the device’s location; without it, the phone would be much less useful. In short, embedded systems are essential components of many modern products.