Mariculture is the cultivation of marine plants and animals in man-made environments. It is an important component of aquaculture, which is the farming of aquatic organisms. Unlike traditional agriculture, which relies on natural ecosystems to support plant and animal growth, mariculture requires the use of artificial environment to provide the optimal conditions for growth. This can include everything from control of water temperature and salinity to the use of supplements and feed. Mariculture is often used to cultivate species that are difficult to grow in natural environments, or to produce higher yields than what can be achieved in the wild. As a result, it has become an important tool in the development of new marine products.